Pluralism with Syncretism: A Perspecti ve from Latin American Religious Div ersity 241 meet one another, that are capa ble of modifying each other ² . Herbert Richardson phrases the need for such creative interpenetration very nicely: “Christianity has been a Western religion too long. Ogum originated in Yoruba and Haitian religions. Through its combination of Yoruba and Hispanic cultural and religious traditions, Santería exemplifies Latin America's unique syncretic religious landscape, and the process of cultural fusion that allowed it … However, this manifestation of Christian faith was acceptable to the Catholic clergy because the image that this portrayed was that of Christian converts. Syncretism is the formation of new religious ideas from multiple distinct sources, often contradictory sources. Spiritism and occultism connected to divination is highly extended among santeros, the people who perform santeria. Religion, View all related items in Oxford Reference », Search for: 'Christianity in Latin America' in Oxford Reference ». Handbook of Middle American Indians 6, 1967, pp. In other words, one thing had nothing to do with the other and praying for rain to the rain gods in order to ensure a good crop had no effect on his Christianity. Answer: Syncretism, as defined by the American Heritage Dictionary, is “the reconciliation or fusion of differing systems of belief.” This is most evident in the areas of philosophy and religion, and usually results in a new teaching or belief system. Influenced by the Deism of the French and American revolutions, new national governments enacted anti-clerical policies that much reduced the Church's institutional presence in many Latin American countries in the course of the 19th and early 20th cents. Catholic Syncretism Forms The Basis For The Teachings Of The World Christian Gathering on Indigenous People Movement (WCGIP) by Sandy Simpson, 8/1/13. Instances of religious syncretism—as, for example, Gnosticism (a religious dualistic system that incorporated elements from the Oriental mystery religions), Judaism, Christianity, and Greek religious philosophical concepts—were particularly prevalent during the Hellenistic period (c. 300 bce –c. possess some level of syncretism because ideas do not exist in a vacuum. A) Christian saints replaced pre-Christian gods. Syncretism is a process where the fusion of cultures, religions, and philosophies produce both new faiths and cultures or the destruction of older faiths. All religions (as well as philosophies, systems of ethics, cultural norms, etc.) With absence of religious syncretism American societies would be dominated by diverse conflicting religious practices. When native Americans were confronted with Christianity, some incorporated elements of Christianity into their own beliefs, creating a new, syncretistic system. One definition from www.britannica.com states: Religious syncretism, the fusion of diverse religious beliefs and practices. This chapter describes two tasks in "defining syncretism"; one task concerns the phenomenon of syncretism, the other task relates to the notion of syncretism. Farris, Nancy M. Maya Society Under Colonial Rule. In Andean America, the expansion and formation of institutional religions first emerged alongside the foundation of Cuzco and the dawning of the Inca Empire. Cristo-Paganism. Viewing the RC Church as a conservative and atavistic competitor for power, the new liberal national governments sought to replace their citizens' loyalty to the Church with nationalism. Even when pagan idols where removed and former temples and shrines destroyed, the sites still remained. 300 ce). In their gatherings it is common to see all sorts of sacrifices happening. In the 17th cent. All Rights Reserved. The definition given syncretism by the Merriam-Webster Dictionary is: "1) the combination of different forms of belief or practice" and "2) the fusion of two or more originally different inflectional forms". (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. Or was it necessary for them to give up their own beliefs? Syncretism / ˈ s ɪ ŋ k r ə t ɪ z əm / is the combining of different beliefs, while blending practices of various schools of thought.Syncretism involves the merging or assimilation of several originally discrete traditions, especially in the theology and mythology of religion, thus asserting an underlying unity and allowing for an inclusive approach to other faiths. MESTIZAJE AND RELIGIOUS CELEBRATIONS IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN Posted on April 10, 2017 by Catalina Hernandez-Cabal Young and Wickstrom, 2014. Religious syncretism exhibits blending of two or more religious belief systems into a new system, or the incorporation into a religious tradition of beliefs from unrelated traditions. by Lewis Loflin. While the appearance on the surface may be one of Christian conversion, all that really happened was the addition of new deities to a pre-existing pantheon. The final goal of this paper is to uncover the syncretism that took place across Latin America with the introduction of a new faith as well as the ancient syncretism between the indigenous cultures. The Vatican granted to Spain and Portugal the patronato real de las Indias, which gave their sovereigns the right to appoint all bishops within their territories, sealing the bond between the Church and Crown. Each other deities with a dual identity in Latin America, and other beliefs and practices America Paper instructions •. Church with the traditional religions of their ancestors by Catalina Hernandez-Cabal Young and Wickstrom 2014... 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